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Vintage Computers Any vintage computer systems, calculators, video games etc., but with an emphasis on 1980s and earlier equipment.

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Old 25th Aug 2023, 6:19 pm   #81
TonyDuell
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

I think that's rather over-stating it. Turns out there is a mask option to use 2 of the port pins as additional chip selects (polarity selectable in the mask, too). But that's hardly being able to put the ROM anywhere in the memory map.

Looking at the circuit diagrams, the 8050 seems not to do this.The only chip select for the ROM section is the RS0/ pin.
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Old 25th Aug 2023, 6:24 pm   #82
SiriusHardware
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

In which case it should be easier to read out the contents, should it prove necessary, than appeared at first glance. Does it actually need a clock for the purposes of reading out the ROM? ROMs are, by their very definition, static devices.

How do we solve the mystery of the four flashes? Colin can quite easily test the 2114s, I think.
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Old 25th Aug 2023, 6:33 pm   #83
TonyDuell
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

The datasheet is not clear as to whether you need the phi2 clock for reading the ROM. It's shown as going into the chip select block, so it might be needed.

[It's not going to apply here, but there most certainly are ROMs that need a clock input. Core-on-a-rope being the obvious one, along with the inductively coupled PCB ROM in an HP9100]

At this stage don't worry about the 6530. The diagnostics must test the RAM first and I don't think that's happening. Test the 2114s and we'll go on from there.
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Old 25th Aug 2023, 6:45 pm   #84
ScottishColin
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

OK. I'll make a start on the 2114s and report back - probably tomorrow.
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Old 26th Aug 2023, 8:50 pm   #85
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

So two of the 2114s were indeed duff.

The left hand of the two drives now reads diskettes from 1984 which I do like a lot.the right hand drive doesn't spin up so there's still more to come but we've definitely moved forward today.

Colin.
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Old 26th Aug 2023, 10:44 pm   #86
SiriusHardware
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Good show, Colin, and another good idea from Tony.
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 12:42 am   #87
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

I guess first thing to try is swapping the left and right drives and see if the problem follows the drive, or even the connecting cables.
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 5:14 am   #88
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

These drive units have a pair of 'bare' mechanisms with a common 'analogue board', so there aren't any swappable cables.

Which drive units do you have? The problem could be the spindle motor (which is a DC permanant magnet motor with brushes/commutator) or a fault on the analogue board.
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 11:58 am   #89
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Well according to the ROMs installed, it's DOS v 2.5 and they're Micropolis drives.

I think my next task is to get them out, check obvious wiring issues and libricate.

It's interesting that the one without the PCB works fine - I'm hoping that means the PCB is good and the fault is confined to the motor.

Although having said that, my experience with motors lately hasn't been so good.....

Colin.

Quote:
Originally Posted by TonyDuell View Post
These drive units have a pair of 'bare' mechanisms with a common 'analogue board', so there aren't any swappable cables.

Which drive units do you have? The problem could be the spindle motor (which is a DC permanant magnet motor with brushes/commutator) or a fault on the analogue board.
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 12:59 pm   #90
TonyDuell
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

That looks like board covered by the circuit diagram on pages 12-14 of the .pdf service manual. Yes, your drives are Micropolis.

Page 13 shows the spindle motor control circuit, there are 2 indentical circuits, one for each drive. It is not an elegant or well-designed circuit, alas.

The spindle motor is a DC motor with an AC tachogenerator built in. The better designed spindle motor controllers take the frequency from that generator as the speed reference. This one simply half-wave rectifies it (CR20) and smooths it (C21). The voltage there is thus depends on the speed of the motor. It's compared against a reference voltage from the slider of R50 by the op-amp U12. Output of that drives the power darlington transistor Q1.

The current though the motor is effectively sensed by R47. If it's too high then Q3 reduces the drive to Q1. Also Q1 can be forced off via CR26 if the output of U11b (pin 6) is low.

The spindle motor itself has 4 wires and will connect via part of the molex connector on the appropriate edge of the PCB. Trace the wires to find it. Normally red and blue are the motor, yellow and green the tachogenerator.

To start with, with the unit off, no disks in, unplug the motor from the PCB. Connect 9V or so DC (a PP3 battery should do it) between the red and blue wires, Red +ve, but if you get it wrong the spindle will simply run backwards. The motor should then run smoothly, the spindle should spin. If it doesn't, time to repair/replace the motor. If it does then the fault is on the PCB, which is not hard to repair.
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 1:02 pm   #91
SiriusHardware
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

I would rather hope it is a fault on one channel of the 'analogue' board, since that is nearly all discrete electronics and quite fixable.

Assuming the working drive to be drive 0 and the non-worker to be drive 1, and now that we know the units are Micropolis, you can try measuring the DC voltage between pins 1 and 4 of analogue PCB connector P5 when the non-worker should be running. You should see about 12V there under those circumstances. Also try measuring the resistance of resistor R47 (in-circuit, with power off).
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Old 27th Aug 2023, 1:24 pm   #92
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

What I normally do is to test the motor on a 9V battery (or bench supply). If that works, lift one end of CR26 (for drive 1), connect the motor to the analogue PCB, and power up. With CR26 open, the motor should run _at the correct speed_ all the time. If not, then debug the control circuitry. If it does then work back through the simple bit of digital electronics shown on that page of the circuit diagram.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 11:44 am   #93
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Quick update - both drives out and visually inspected and they look ok.

9V DC applied to the wiring as in post 90 and both motors spin ok. Now to put it back together to try the next tests.

Colin.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 11:48 am   #94
TonyDuell
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

That's good news. Replacement motors are semi-hard to find, but the motor control circuit on the PCB is all standard components thst you can get.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 7:05 pm   #95
ScottishColin
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

R47 has 1.3Ω resistance.

I've attached the photo so I've got this right. P5 is on the left hand side of the board and that connects to the drive that works.

P8 is on the right hand side and (obviously) is connected to the non-working drive.

I'm assuming we're looking at P8 (which I know has the connectors on incorrectly - all fixed before I tested anything)?

While we're here, when I insert a disk into the working drive, it spins for a short amount of time as soon as inserted.

When I put a disk into the non-working drive (which is labelled Drive 0), there is no spin (although we know the motor works from me popping 9V up it).

Colin.




Quote:
Originally Posted by SiriusHardware View Post
I would rather hope it is a fault on one channel of the 'analogue' board, since that is nearly all discrete electronics and quite fixable.

Assuming the working drive to be drive 0 and the non-worker to be drive 1, and now that we know the units are Micropolis, you can try measuring the DC voltage between pins 1 and 4 of analogue PCB connector P5 when the non-worker should be running. You should see about 12V there under those circumstances. Also try measuring the resistance of resistor R47 (in-circuit, with power off).
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 8:04 pm   #96
SiriusHardware
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Assuming the applicable diagram to be on page 13 then it looks as though connector P5, rather than P8, is the one relevant to drive 1 (as opposed to drive 0). You should see ~12VDC between terminals 1 and 4 when the motor should be running, but since you have already proven the motor to be OK I think you will almost certainly not see that 12VDC on those pins.

Follow up Tony's suggestion of temporarily unsoldering one end of diode CR26 and power the drive up with that diode disconnected. Does the motor run continuously with that diode disconnected?
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 9:57 pm   #97
ScottishColin
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Lifting CR26 makes the working drive (Drive 1) spin continuously at power on.

Colin.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 10:06 pm   #98
ScottishColin
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Interestingly (although I appreciate that might be the wrong word), my board is marked as 8050008 on the back.

Colin.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 10:12 pm   #99
ScottishColin
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

And even more interestingly, this page states that the PCB with 8050008 on it is actually schematic 8050005 with PCB assembly 8050006-1.

https://www.amiga-stuff.com/hardware/cbmboards.html

I don't think I could be any more confused right now.

Colin.
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Old 28th Aug 2023, 11:51 pm   #100
SiriusHardware
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Default Re: Commodore 8050 dual disk drive

Quote:
And even more interestingly, this page states that the PCB with 8050008 on it is actually schematic 8050005 with PCB assembly 8050006-1.
The bare board with no components fitted has a part number usually etched on the PCB at the same time as the rest of the printed circuit layout. The board + components fitted then gets given a a different part number which tends to be hand written on the top side of the PCB.

Quote:
Lifting CR26 makes the working drive (Drive 1) spin continuously at power on.
Right, so the dud drive is in fact drive 0? In that case - as you were, P8 is indeed the correct connector to be looking at and you now need to try the same dodge with CR22 to see if lifting one end of that diode makes drive 0's motor run continually. Ordinarily, we would expect that the first drive would be physical drive 0 and the second drive would be physical drive 1.

Sorry about the mix up, but I think both Tony and I were both under the impression that it was drive 2 (of 2) which was not working.
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