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Old 13th May 2022, 10:46 pm   #1
MotorBikeLes
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Default Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

I have had this radio from (almost) new, certainly 40 years. I bought it directly from the NordMende UK importers. It had been sold, and was returned as faulty, and that was how it came to me.
One or both of the output transistors was/were faulty. I replaced them with a beefier pair: BD241/BD242 to replace the OEM BD239/BD330.
I have always used the optional dry lead accumulator (8v, comprised of a four cell battery). However, over the last 12 months or so, if I have plugged it into the mains to recharge the battery, the radio has frequently "locked up". There is a click and the audio disappears, though the tuning indicator tells me it is still tuned in OK. Switching off the mains, then the radio OFF and ON again normally restores things to normal, or even pressing various band change press buttons. It then behaves until next recharge, which I tended to do overnight to get around it as a problem. I assumed it was the battery needing to be replaced.
As reported elsewhere, I have just converted it to take lithium ion cells. Nominal 3.7v xs 2 = 7.4 v. However, they will reach around 9.2v under control by a dedicated charge controller. Whilst fitting the lithium ion cells, I decided to replace the various electrolytic capacitors in the PSU and output section.
The fault is still present, so NOT due to failing Accu. or electrolytic capacitors!
Before I started the battery conversion exercise, I connected the Accu connectors (battery removed) and ran it up on my Farnell power supply. I increased the voltage from around 5v ( = drift of tuning + distortion) steadily up to 15v. No misbehaving.
I had on my list to check quiescent current (10mA at 9v battery output (4 off "U2" types) which showed about 3.5mA, so I tweaked the control. It shot up to 37mA, and no adjustment of the pot would change things. I had ensured it was on FM, no station, min volume, but it occurred to me it may have once more "locked out". Turning up volume and altering FM tuning confirmed this. Would anybody suggest a first line of attack?
Les.
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Old 14th May 2022, 3:08 pm   #2
Leon Crampin
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

Your problem is almost certainly due to poor circuit design around the bias adjustment potentiometer. When the wiper of an old pot makes intermittent contact with the track, the circuit shown will turn off the Vbe multiplier transistor and drive the output stage hard on. This results in a high current draw and no audio.

Replace the pot and preferably reconfigure a replacement to be between the base and emitter of the Vbe multiplier. If wired as a rheostat, connect the wiper to one end of the track. Cermet pots are best. A reconfigured circuit will need the resistance values changing.

Leon.
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Old 14th May 2022, 7:33 pm   #3
MotorBikeLes
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

Leo, thanks for reply. I think there may be another fault, but I will certainly replace the pot with suitable resistors.
However, I don't fully understand how you advise to reconfigure the circuit.
Les.
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Old 14th May 2022, 10:32 pm   #4
Cruisin Marine
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

However, I don't fully understand how you advise to reconfigure the circuit.
Les.


Hi Les,
I guess he means limiting the variable range of the bias pre set by placing it in the middle/ either side of some resistors that limit the range total of the bias adjustment, just in case it goes "crazy"
It means a smaller value pre-set, with much less adjustment range of course.
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Old 14th May 2022, 11:13 pm   #5
turretslug
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

My impression was that Leon was saying that connecting the base of the Vbe multiplier to the wiper alone was distinctly unwise- a similar vulnerability arises quite frequently in PSU designs where loss of contact causes the comparator to drive the output full high. Instead of which, the variable component should be rheostat-connected (with one end connected to the wiper for safety) in the lower (base-emitter) arm of a re-configured divider with a fixed resistor in the upper arm.
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Old 14th May 2022, 11:21 pm   #6
Leon Crampin
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

Correct.

Leon.
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Old 14th May 2022, 11:46 pm   #7
Cruisin Marine
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

The end of the track of a pre-set can often go open cct just as much as the wiper.
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Old Yesterday, 4:13 pm   #8
MotorBikeLes
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

Right, I understand. That is my intention, but I thought Leon meant ALTER the effective circuit. I will start with a physically large preset, find correct setting, then replace with discreet "R"s.
It was working OK earlier, I will set it up and fit the separate resistors as soon as I get a few moments.
Thanks all.
Les.
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Old Yesterday, 9:54 pm   #9
Leon Crampin
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Default Re: Nordmende Globetrotter 808 output stage problem.

I would alter the circuit, very slightly, to ensure that the Vbe multiplier turns hard on when the wiper lifts off the track, or its slipring tarnishes. In some cases, a highish value fixed resistor connected base to collector of the multiplier will achieve this without adversely affecting the adjustment range. Re-calculating the circuit and wiring the pot as a rheostat in the b-e leg of the network is not difficult and may give a better range of adjustment.

Leon.
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